THE MENTAL HEALTH ACT, 1987

INTRODUCTION

The Indian Lunancy Act, 1912 has become outdated because there has been rapid advancement in the field of medical science. Mental illness is now curable, particularly when diagnosed at an early stage. The attitude of the society towards persons afflicted with mental illness has changed considerably and it is now realised that no stigma should be attached to such illness. It had become necessary to have fresh legislation with provisions for treatment of mentally ill persons in accordance with the new approach. Accordingly, The Mental Health Bill was introduced in the Parliament.

 

STATEMENT OF OBJECTS AND REASONS

The attitude of the society towards persons affilicted with mental illness has changed considerably and it is now realised that no sigma should be attached to such illness as it is curable, particularly, when diagnosed at an early stage. Thus the mentally ill persons are to be treated like any other sick persons and the environment around them should be made as normal as possible .

The experience of the working of the Indian Lunacy Act, 1912 has revealed that it has become outmoded. With the rapid advance of medical science and the understanding of the nature of the malady, it has become necessary to have fresh legislation with provisions for treatment of mentally ill persons in accordance with the new approach. Hence this Bill.

 

ACT 14 OF 1987

The Mental Health Bill Having been passed by both Houses of Parliament received the assent of the president on 22nd May, 1987. It came into force on the Ist day of April,1993, as THE MENTAL ACT, 1987 (14 of 1987).