- PROVISION AS TO BONDS -
The provisions of Chapter XXXIII of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973
(2 of 1974) shall, as far as may be apply to bonds taken under this Act.
This section makes provision as to bonds taken under this Act.
- REPORT BY MEDICAL OFFICER - The medical officer
in-charge of a psychiatric hospsital or psychiatric nursing home shall, as
soon as may be, after any mentally ill person detained therein has been discharged
make a report in respect of his mental and physical condition to the authority
under whose orders such person had been so detained.
This section requires the medical officer to make a report about the mental
and physical condition of the discharged person to the authority under whose
orders the mentally ill person was detained in the psychiatric hospsital/nursing
- PENSION, ETC. OF MENTALLY ILL PERSON PAYABLE BY GOVERNMENT
- Where any sum is payable in respect of pay, pension, gratuity or any
allowance to any person by any Government and the person to whom the sum
is payable is certified by a Magistrate under this Act to be a mentally
ill person, the officer under whose authority such sum would be payable,
may pay to the person having charge of the mentally ill person so much
of the said sum as he thinks fit, having regard to the cost of maintenance
of such person and may pay to such member of the family of the mentally
ill person as are dependent on him for maiantenance, the susrplus, if
any, or such part thereof as he thinks fit, having regard to the cost
of maintenance of such members.
- Where there is any further surplus amount available out of the funds
specified in sub-section (1) after making payments as provided in that
sub-section, the Government shall hold the same to be dealt with as follows
- where the mentally ill person is certified to have ceased to be
mentally ill person by the District Court within the local limits
of whose jurisdiction such person resides or is kept or detains, the
whole of the surplus amount shall be paid back to that person;
- Where the mentally ill person dies before payament, the whole of
the surplus amount shall be paid over to those of his heirs who are
legally entitled to receive the same:
- Where the mentally ill person dies during his mental illness without
leaving any person legally entitled to succeed to his estate, the
whole of the surplus amount shall, with the prior permission of the
District Court, be utilised for such charitable purpose as may be
approved by the District Court.
- The Central Government or the State Government, as the case may be ,
shall be discharged of all liability in respect of any amount paid in
accordance with this section.
This section makes provision for payment of pay, pension, gratuity, etc.
of mentally ill person payable by Government.
- LEGAL AID TO MENTALLY ILL PERSON AT STATE EXPENSE
IN CERTAIN CASES -
- Where a mentally ill person is not represented by a legal practitioner
in any proceeding under this Act before a District Court or a Magistrate
and it appears to the District Court or Magistrate that such person has
not sufficient means to engage a legal practitioner, the District Court
or Magistrate shall assign a legal practitioner to represent him at the
expense of the State.
- Where a mentally ill person having sufficient means to engage a legal
practitioner is not represented by a legal practitioner in any proceding
under this Act before a District Court or a Magistrate and it appears
to the District Court or Magistrate, having regard to all the circumstances
of the case, that such person ought to be represented by a legal practitioner,
the District Court, or Magistrate may assign a legal practitioner to represent
him and direct the State to bear the expenses with respect thereto and
recover the same from out of the property of such person.
- The High Court may, with the previous approval of the State Government,
make rules providing for-
- the mode of selecting legal practitioners for the purpose of Sub-section
(1) and (2);
- the facilities to be allowed to such legal practitioners;
- the fees payable to such legal practitioners by the Government and
generally for carrying out the purpose of sub-sections (1) and (2).
EXPLANATION - In this section "legal practitioner" shall have the
meaning assigned to it in Cl. (I) of Sec. 2 of the Advocates Act, 1961 (25
This section provides for legal and to mentally ill person at State expense
in certain cases.
EXPLANATION - It is now well settled that an explanation added to
a statutory provision is not a substantive provision in any sense of the
term but as the plain meaning of the word itself shows it is merely meant
to explain or clarify certain ambiguities which may have crept in the statutory
- PROTECTION OF ACTION TAKEN IN GOOD FAITH -
- No suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any
person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done
in pursuance of this Act or any rules, regulations or orders made thereunder.
- No suit or other legal proceeding shall lie against the Government for
any damage caused or likely to be caused for anything which is in good
faith done or intended to be done in pursuance of this Act or any rules,
regulations or orders made thereunder.
This section grants immunity from legal proceedings to persons for anything
done or intended to be done under this Act in good faith.
- CONSTRUCTION OF REFERENCE TO CERTAIN LAWS, ETC.
- Any reference in this Act to a law which is not in force in any area
shall, in relation to that area, be construed as a reference to the corresponding
law, if any, in force in that area.
- Any reference in this Act to any officer or authorityshall, in relation
to any area in which there is no offer or authority with the same designation,
be construed as a reference to such officer or authority as may be specified
by the Cengral Government by notification.
This section provides for construction of reference to certain laws. -
In construing social welfare legislation, the Courts should adopt a beneficent
rule of construction and in any event, that construction should be preferred
which fulfils the policy of the legislation. Construction to be adopted
should be more beneficial to the purposes in favour of and in
SOCIAL WELFARE LEGISLATION whose interest the Act has been passed1.
- POWER OF CENTRAL GOVERNMENT AND STATE GOVERNMENT TO
MAKE RULES -
- The Central Government may, by notification, make rules providing for
the qualifications of persons who may be appointed as Mental Health Authority
under Sec. 3 and the terms and conditions subject to which they may be
appointed under that section and all other matters relating to such authority.
- Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1), the State Government,
with the previous approval of the Central Government may, by notification,
make rules for carrying out the provisions of this Act:
Provided that the first rules shall be made by the Central Government
- In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing
power, rules made under sub-section (2) may provide for all or any of
the following maters, namely:
- the qualifications of persons who may be appointed as Mental Health
Authority and the terms and conditions subject to which they may be
appointed under Sec. 4 and all other matters relating to such authority;
- The class or category of persons for whom separate psychiatric hospitals
and psychiatric nursing homes may be established and maiantained under
Cl (d) of sub-section (1) of Sec. 5;
- The form in which, -
- an application, may be made for grant or renewal of a licence
and the fee payable in respect thereof under Sec. 7 or as the
case may be, Sec. 9;
- a licence may be granted for the establishment or maintenance
of a psychiatric hospital or a psychiatric nursing home under
- an application may be made for a reception order under Sec.
- the manner in which an order refusing to grant, or revoking, a licence
shall be communicated under Sec. 8 or, as the case may be Sec. 11;
- the manner in which a report may be made to the licensing authority
under sub-section (2) of Sec.9;
- the minimum facilities referred to in the proviso to sub-section
(5) of Sec. 9 including -
- psychiatrist-patient ratio;
- other medical or para-medical staff;
- space requirement;
- treatment facilities; and
- the manner in which and the conditions subject to which a psychiatric
hospital or psychiatric nursing home shall be maintained under sec.
- The form and manner in which and the period within which an appeal
against any order refusing to grant or renew a licence or revoking
a licence shall be preferred and the fee payable in respect thereof
- The mananer in which records shall be maintained under sub-section
(1) of sec.13.
- The facilities to be provided under Sec. 14 of the treatment of
a mentally ill person as an out-patient;
- The manner in which application for a reception order shall be signed
and verified under sub-section (6) of Sec. 20;
- The qualification of persons who may be appointed as visitors and
the terms and conditions on which they may be appointed, under Sec.37
and their functions.
- Prevention of vexatious or defamatory communications and other matters
referred to in sub-section (3) of Sec.81;
- Any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed.
This section empowers the Central Government and State Government to
make rules for carrying out the purposes of the legislation.
RULES OF CONSTRUCTION - It is well-settled canon of construction
that the rules made under a statute must be treated exactly as if they
were in the Act and are of the same effect as if contained in the Act.
There is another principle equally fundamental to the rules of construction,
namely, that the rules shall be consistent with the provision of the
- RULES MADE BY CENTRAL GOVERNMENT OR THE STATE GOVERNMENT
TO BE LAID BEFORE THE LEGISLATURE -
- Every rule made by the Central Government under this Act shall be laid,
as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while
it is in session , for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised
in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the
expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive
sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the
rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall
thereafter have effect only if such modified form or be of no effect,
as the case may be; so, however, that anay such modification or annulment
shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done
under that rule.
- Every rule made by the State Government under this Act shall be laid,
as soon as may be after it is made, before the State Legislature.
This section provides that the rules framed by the Central Government
or the State Government shall be laid before each Houses of Parliament
or the State Legislature, as the case may be.
- EFFECT OF ACT ON OTHER LAWS -
The provisions of this Act shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent
therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force and to
the extent of such inconsistency that other law shall be deemed to have
This section lays down that the provisions of othis Act shall have effect
on other laws.
- POWER TO REMOVE DIFFICULTY -
If any difficulty arises in giving effect to the provisions of this Act
in any State, the State Government may, by order, do anything not inconsistent
with such provisions which appears to it to be necessary or expedient for
the purpose of removing the difficulty.
Provided that no order shall be made under this section in relation to
any State after the expiry of two years from the date on which this Act
comes into force in that State.
This section empowers the State Government to remove difficulty.
- REPEAL AND SAVING -
- The Indian Lunacy Act, 1912 (4 of 1912) and the Lunacy Act, 1977 [Jammu
and Kashmir Act 25 of 1977 (1920 AD)] are hereby repealed.
- Notwithstanding such repeal, anything done or any action taken under
either of the said Acts shall, in so far as such thing or action is not
inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, be deemed to have been done
or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act and shall continue
in force until superseded by anything done or any action taken under this
EFFECT OF IMPLIED REPEAL - If there is a repugnancy between
the two pieces of legislation, to such an extent that both cannot stand
together and operate simultaneously, the latter will have the effect
of impliedly repealing theformer1.
SAVING PROVISION - EFFECT OF - While giving effect to
a saving provision, when it provides that something which is done or
issued under the repealed provision must be treated as having been treated
or issued under the newly enacted provision, an earlier order can be
saved only if such a direction or an order could be effectively and
validdly made under the new provisions of law, which had repealed the